Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Chronology

February 27, 1917

February Bourgeois Democratic Revolution took place in Russia

March 3, 1917

Turk Edemi-Merkeziyyet Party was established in Yelizavetpol

March 3, 1917

The civilian authority in Southern Caucasus was handed over to newly established Special Transcaucasian Committee - OZAKOM

March 5, 1917

Establishment of Executive Committee of public organizations in Baku city

On the night of March 6 to 7, 1917

Formation of soldier, worker and officer deputies’ committees in Baku

March 9, 1917

Abolition of Viceroyalty of the Caucasus by provisional government and establishment of Special Transcaucasian Committee

March 10, 1917

Formation of the United Interim Committee of Social Democratic Labour Party of Russia

March 27, 1917

Formation of Muslim public organizations Council and its Interim Committee

April 15-20, 1917

Congress of Caucasus Muslims  was held in Baku

May 1-8, 1917

Congress of All-Russian Muslims was held in Moscow

June 20, 1917

“Musavat” and “Turk Edemi Merkeziyet” parties were joined under the name     
of Turk Edemi Merkeziyet “Musavat”

October 22, 1917

Elections were held to the military and worker deputies council of Baku

October 25-31, 1917

1st congress of Turk Edemi – Merkeziyet “Musavat” party

October 25, 1917

Bolshevik revolution took place in Petrograd

October 27, 1917

Baku Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies convened an extraordinary meeting dealing with the state power

October 31, 1917

Baku Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies was announced the only legislative, revolutionary and local authority

November 2, 1917

Bolsheviks seized the leadership of Baku Soviet Executive Committee

November 15, 1917

Establishment of Transcaucasian Commissariat

November 22, 1917

Abolition of Baku city Public Organizations Executive Committee

November 26, 1917

Elections were held to the All-Russian Constituent Assembly in Azerbaijan and all the south Caucasus

December 5, 1917

An Armistice of Erzincan was signed between the Ottoman Army and Caucasus front command

December 12-13, 1917

Elections were held to the Baku Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies

December 17, 1917

The Decree on land was adopted by Transcaucasian Commissariat

December 18, 1917

Stepan Shaumyan was appointed Commissar Extraordinary for the Caucasus by V. I. Lenin

January , 1918

Unification of “Muslimism in Russia” Party and “Ittihad Society” Party  of Canja resulted in establishment of the United “Ittihadi-Islam Muslimism in  Russia” Party

January 5, 1918

All-Russian Constituent Assembly was dissolved

January 7-9, 1918

The clash between the Russian Army regiments withdrawn from the Caucasus front and Transcaucasian military units in Shamkhor and Deller station   

February 23, 1918

The Transcaucasian Seym was formed and Transcaucasian government was established by the leadership of Evgeni Gegechkori

March 7, 1918

Land Law was adopted by the Transcaucasian Seym

March 14-20, 1918

Trabzon conference was held between the Transcaucasian Seym and Turkey

March-April, 1918

Genocide of Azerbaijanis by Bolshevik-dashnak forces

Mid March, 1918

Genocide of Azerbaijanis in Javad district, Astara area

1918, 27-29 mart

Genocide of Azerbaijanis in Shamakhi district

March 30-April 1, 1918

Genocide of Azerbaijanis in Baku city

April 10, 1918

Baku Soviet troops defeated Gotsinski’s detachment in Khirdalan

April 13, 1918

The Transcaucasian Seym declared war on Turkey

April 22, 1918

The Transcaucasian Seym declared the independence of Transcaucasia

April 25, 1918

Establishment of Baku Council of People's Commissariat

April 26, 1918

New Transcaucasian government headed by Chkhenkeli was confirmed by the Transcaucasian Seym

April 30, 1918

Baku city Duma was dissolved by the Committee of Revolutionary Defense

May 1, 1918

Guba was occupied by the Baku Soviet’s troops

May 11, 1918

Batum peace conference

May 26, 1918

Congress of village deputies of Baku district

May 26, 1918

The last meeting of the Transcaucasian Seym

May 27, 1918

Establishment of Azerbaijani  National Council

May 28, 1918

Declaration of the People’s Republic of Azerbaijan. Act of Independence of Azerbaijan was adopted

May 28-June 17, 1918

Period of activity of the 1st government cabinet led by Fatali Khan Khoyski

June 4, 1918

Peace and Friendship agreement was signed between Azerbaijan and Ottoman governments in Batumi

June 5, 1918

Turkish Army entered to Yelizavetpol (Ganja)

June 16, 1918

Azerbaijani National Council and government moved from Ganja to Baku  

June 17, 1918

Azerbaijani National Council  was dissolved

June 17-December7, 1918

Period of activity of the 2nd government cabinet led by Fatali Khan Khoyski

June 23, 1918

Martial law was announced in Azerbaijan

June 26, 1918

Azerbaijani government passed a resolution on transformation of Muslim corps into Azerbaijani corps. Formation of Azerbaijan National Army

June 26, 1918

Formation of  Zagatala province

June 27, 1918

Caucasus Islam Army won a  victory over Baku Soviet troops near Goychay

June 27, 1918

Azerbaijani (Turkic) language was declared the national language of the Republic of Azerbaijan

July 10, 1918

Caucasus Islam Army liberated Kurdemir and Shamakhi

July 11, 1918

Azerbaijani government adopted a resolution on general mobilization

July 25, 1918

Baku Soviet adopted a resolution on invitation of the English to Baku 

July 30, 1918

Ganja city, named Yelizavetpol in the Russian Empire Period regained its historical name - Ganja

July 31, 1918

Fall of Baku Council of the People's Commissars

August 1, 1918

Establishment of the  joint government of Centro-Caspi Dictatorship and the Interim Executive Committee of the Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies 

August 4, 1918

The first contingent of the British troops arrived in Baku

August 28, 1918

Resolution of the Council of Ministers on teaching of Azerbaijani language

September 4, 1918

The British troops left Baku

September 15, 1918

The Army of Islam liberated the Baku city

September 17, 1918

Azerbaijani government started its activity in Baku

October 5, 1918

Azerbaijani government issued a resolution on denationalization of the oil industry

October 18, 1918

“Türk Ocağı” (“Turkish Hearth”) society was founded in Baku

October 30, 1918

The Armistice of Moudros was concluded between Turkey and the Allies of World War 1 

November 1, 1918

Establishment of the Ministry of Defence

November 9, 1918

A law on the national flag of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was adopted  

November 16, 1918

Azerbaijan National Council was restored. Azerbaijani department of Gory Seminary was moved to Gazakh   

November 17, 1918

According to the Armistice of Moudros, the British troops led by the commander in chief of Allied forces General Thomson, arrived in Azerbaijan

November 20, 1918

A law on the Parliament of Azerbaijan Republic was adopted

November 29, 1918

Trade ships of the Caspian Marine were handed over to the British command. “English marine transport” was founded 

December 7, 1918

Opening of the Parliament of Azerbaijan Republic

December 15, 1918

Restoration of Baku Worker Conference Organization 

December 24-26, 1918

General strike was conducted by the leadership of Baku Worker Conference

December 26, 1918

The 3rd cabinet headed by Fatali Khan Khoyski was formed. Transit agreement was signed between Georgia and Azerbaijan

December 28, 1918

Declaration of governor-general of Baku Thomson, on recognition of the government of Azerbaijan Republic 

January 8, 1919

Paris Peace Conference­. Azerbaijani government delegation, led by Alimardan bey Topchubashov, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, heads to Paris

January 15, 1919

Formation of Karabakh general-governorship. Establishment of General Headquarters of Azerbaijan Republic Armed Forces  

February 4, 1919

Formation of agrarian commission of the parliament

February 6, 1919

Leader of “Ittihad” party Gara bey Garabeyov expressed vote of censure to the government

February 25, 1919

Dissolution of the 3rd cabinet headed by Fatali Khan Khoyski

March 19, 1919

Parliament ratified the law on special conference on workers’ issue  

April 5, 1919

Ministry of Defence moved to Baku

April 14, 1919

Parliament of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic ratified the 4th cabinet led by Nasib bey Yusifbeyli

April 24, 1919

Commander in chief of Allied forces in the south Caucasus General Thomson was substituted by general Shatervort

May 6-13, 1919

General strike conducted by Baku Worker Conference

May 28, 1919

Azerbaijan delegation met with the President of the USA Woodrow Wilson at Paris Peace Conference 

May 29, 1919

Tbilisi conference of the south Caucasus Republics was held

May 31, 1919

The government adopted a resolution on establishment of board of arbitration

June 11, 1919

The government adopted a resolution on establishment of State Defence Committee

June 11, 1919

Determination of the line of demarcation between the south Caucasus Republics and Voluntary Army 

June 11, 1919

State Defence Committee announced the martial law in the territory of Azerbaijan Republic

June 13, 1919

A document recognizing Colchak’s supreme power in Russia was approved at the   Peace Conference. Azerbaijan, Georgia, North Caucasus, Belorussia, Ukraine, Estonia and Latvia voiced a protest against it.

June 13, 1919

Demonstrations against the English were held in Baku

June 16, 1919

Military Defence Act was signed between Azerbaijan and Georgia

June 27, 1919

Parliament ratified the agreement between Azerbaijan and Georgia on joint protection of territorial integrity

August 6, 1919

General Thomson signed a decree on handing over the Caspian Navy  to Denikin’s Voluntary Army

August 11, 1919

Parliament of Azerbaijan Republic passed a law on Azerbaijan citizenship

August 19, 1919

According to the Anglo-Persian Agreement, Iran refused the territorial  claims on Azerbaijan  

August 24, 1919

Complete withdrawal of British troops from Baku and Azerbaijan

August 28, 1919

A law on establishment of Azerbaijan State Bank was adopted

September 1, 1919

Baku State University was established, the first of its kind in the Islamic world. Professor V.A. Razumovski, from Tbilisi, became the first rector of the university. The first 100 Azeri students were sponsored by the Azerbaijan government to study abroad in Europe. (Many of these students never return to Azerbaijan due to Soviet occupation a year later)

September 13, 1919

Prime Minister Nasib bey Yusifbeyli resigned his office as a chief of the fourth cabinet

September 25, 1919

Opening of  Gazakh district villagers’ first congress

October 23, 1919

Supreme Commander-in Chief of Allied forces William Huskel gave the order on “Establishment of Nakhchivan general-governorship and Edmund D. Dekly’s appointment as  a governor general”

October 25, 1919

Opening of Azerbaijan State Bank

November 23, 1919

The agreement providing a complete cessation of hostilities and peaceful solution of the border conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia was signed in Tbilisi.

December 2-11, 1919

2nd congress of Turk Edemi – Merkeziyet “Musavat” party

December 22, 1919

Parliament confirmed the composition of the fifth cabinet led by Nasib bey Yusifbeyli

January 2, 1920

Soviet Russia sent the first note to Azerbaijan Republic on joint fighting against Denikin  

January 11, 1920

De facto recognition of Azerbaijan’s independence by the Council of Allied Powers in Paris Peace Conference

January 14, 1920

Fatali Khan Khoyski replied in his counter note to G. Chicherin, that the fight against Denikin is a matter of home affairs of Russia

January , 1920

Paris Peace Conference­ passed a resolution on providing support to Azerbaijan Republic

February 18, 1920

M. Hajinski resigned as minister of interior affairs

March 20, 1920

Azerbaijan-Iran agreement was concluded. De jure recognition of Azerbaijan’s independence by Iran

March 23, 1920

Agriculture minister Ahmed Jovdet Pepinov resigned his office

March 23, 1920

Commercial treaty was signed between Azerbaijan and Georgia

April 9, 1920

Post and telegraph minister, socialist J. Hajinski resigned his office

April 15, 1920

A. Gardashov’s “Ahrar” Party left the cabinet. Fatali Khan Khoyski sent a note to G. Chicherin denoting  Azerbaijan’s anxiety about deploying of the Russian army troops on the borders with Azerbaijan

April 27, 1920

11th Red Army troops entered the territory of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

April 27, 1920

Parliament of Azerbaijan Republic received an ultimatum on transference of power to Revolutionary Committee

April 28, 1920

Soviet power was declared in Baku.

Source: History of Azerbaijan. In 7 volumes. Vol. 5 (1900-1920 years).
Baku, “Elm”, 2008, pp. 604-610.