Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

Parliament

Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan

Opening of the parliament. Baku, December 7, 1918

The Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, which functioned approximately for 17 months, had its proper place in the history of Azerbaijani parliamentarianism. Having starting its activity on November 16, 1918, in Baku, the newly established National Council of Azerbaijan acting as the Supreme body of the power in the Republic on November 19, 1918, consisting of 120 members passed the law on establishment of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan.
On December 7, 1918, at 1 pm the first session of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan solemnly was opened for the first time in the Muslim East in the building of H. Z. Taghiyev’s maiden school.
In parliamentary session at the proposal of the Musavat faction, Alimardan bey Topchubashov was elected as a Chairman of the parliament and doctor Hasan bey Aghayev was elected as the first deputy chairman.  At that time while A. M. Topchubashov was in Istanbul, H. Aghayev chaired the Parliament. On December 28, 1918, the government of Azerbaijan along with the Parliament’s council of old people (respected people) appointed a group of representatives to participate in the general peace conference in Europe to be sent to Paris under the chairmanship of A. M. Topchubashov.  
The adopted Law on the Parliament’s establishment provided that it was to consist of 120 members. The above-mentioned law provided 21 seats for the Armenian representatives and 10 seats for the Russian representatives – on the basis of Azerbaijan’s overall population ratio – neither of them participated in the first opening session of Azerbaijan’s Parliament. The Russian National Council joined the Parliament on January 31, 1919, while Armenians did the same only in February of the same year.

Commemorative medal dedicated to the opening of the parliament

In late 1919, the Parliament approximately consisted of 96 members, representing 11 various parties, factions and groups. The ratio of political parties and associated powers comprising the Parliament was as follows: Musavat and unaffiliated persons faction consisted of 40 members, Ittihad – 14 people, Ahrar – 8 people, the Socialist bloc – 14 people, with no party affiliation – 4 persons, Independents – 4 persons, Russian – Slavic society – 5 persons, the Armenian faction – 5 persons, the Dashnaksyutun faction – 7 persons, and 7 persons – the faction of National Minorities.
The Parliament’s work directly complied with the Statute of Azerbaijan’s Parliament which played the role of its charter. Based on the Parliament’s Statute, the parliamentary sessions beginning from the very first one were necessarily held only in the Azerbaijani language. Other national representatives, however, could speak the Russian language.
During a 17 month activity, the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan held 145 sessions. Fifteen of those sessions did not take place due to the lack of quorum. During the period of its activity, the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan discussed over 270 draft laws, of which it adopted about 230. The last session of the Parliament held on April 27, 1920, passed a resolution on transfer of power to Bolsheviks by peaceful means.

The composition of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan:

Chairman of the Parliament - Alimerdan bey Topchubashov  
1st Deputy Chairman - Mamed Yusif Djafarov
Deputy Chairman - Sultan Majid Ganizadeh (Ganiyev)
Secretary General of the Parliament – Baghir bey Rzayev
Secretaries – Mehdi bey Hajinsky, Bayram Niyazi Kichikkhanly

  1. Musavat and independent factions
  2. Mammad Amin Rasulzade
  3. Hasan bey Aghayev
  4. Nesib bey Yusifbeyli
  5. Khalil bey Khasmammadov
  6. Mahammed Hasan Hajinsky
  7. Abbasgulu Kazemzadeh
  8. Musa bey Rafizadeh
  9. Javad bey Melikyeganov
  10. Mehdi bey Hajinsky
  11. Mehdi bey Hajibababeyov
  12. Rehim bey Vekilov
  13. Shafi beyRustambeyli
  14. Haji Selim Akhundzadeh
  15. Mustafa Mahmudov
  16. Asefbey Shikhalibeyov
  17. Abuzer bey Rzayev
  18. Ahmed Hamdi Garaaghazadeh
  19. Agha Aminov
  20. Neriman bey Nerimanbeyli
  21. Mirze Sadikh Akhundzadeh
  22. Museyib bey Akhijanov
  23. Mustafa Vekilov
  24. Mammad Baghir Shikzamanov
  25. Mammad Ali Rasulzade
  26. Murtuza Akhundov
  27. Rza bey Aghabeyov
  28. Mammad Rza Vekilov
  29. Jalil bey Sultanov
  30. Ashraf Taghiyev
  31. Mammad Yusif Jafarov
  32. Mirza Asadullayev
  33. Yusif Ahmedzade
  34. Bakhish bey Rustambeyov
  35. Fatali Khan Khoyski
  36. Agha bey Safaraliyev
  37. Asadulla Ahmedov
  38. Agha Ashurov
  39. Gulamhuseyin bey Kazimbeyov
  40. Yusifali Aliyev
  41. Mir Hidayet Seyidov

 


A group of the members of parliament. 1920

  1. Ittihad faction
  2. Gara bey Garabeyli
  3. Mir Yagub Mehdiyev
  4. Gazi Ahmed bey Mammadov
  5. Jamil bey Lemberanski
  6. Bahram bey Vezirov
  7. Sultan Majid Ganizadeh
  8. Hamdulla effendi Efendizadeh
  9. Zeynal bey Vezirov
  10. Heybetgulu bey Mammadbeyli
  11. Ali bey Zizinski
  12. Gara bey Aliverdiler
  13. Asad bey Amirov
  14. Iskender bey Akhundov
  15. Aga bey Safaraliyev
  1. Ahrar faction
  2. Aslan bey Gardashov
  3. Haji molla Ahmed Nuruzadeh
  4. Moukhtar efendi Efendizadeh
  5. Garib Kerimoghlu
  6. Bayram Niyazi Kichikkhanly
  7. Haji Huseyn Efendiyev
  8. Gasimoglu Haji Ali
  9. Abdulla efendi Gabulov

 

  1. The Socialist faction
  2. Samed agha Aghamalioghli
  3. Ali Heydar Garayev
  4. Gasim bey Jamalbeyov
  5. Haji Kerim Sanili
  6. Ahmed bey Pepinov
  7. Jamo bey Hajinski
  8. Rza bey Garasharly
  9. Aslan bey Safikurdlu
  10. Ibrahim Abilzadeh
  11. Baghir Rzayev
  12. Vladislav Bakradza
  13. Akbar Sheyxulislamzadeh
  14. Ibrahim Ismayilzadeh
  15. Abbas bey Atamalibeyov
  1. Unaffiliated persons
  2. Bahram bey Akhundov
  3. Behbud khan Javanshir
  4. Abdulali bey Amirjanov
  5. Ahmed bey Agayev

 

  1. Independents
  2. Alimardan bey Topchubashov
  3. Samed bey Mehmandarov
  4. Khudadat bey Melikaslanov
  5. Baba bey Gabulzadeh
  1. Left independent
  2. Abdulla bey Efendizadeh

 

  1. Russian – Slavic society faction
  2. Victor Klenevski
  3. Vasili Kravchenko
  4. Sergey Remizov
  5. Fyodor Kotilevski
  6. M. N. Vinogradov
  1. National minorities faction
  2. Lorens Kun
  3. Moisey Gukhman
  4. Stanislav Vonsovich
  5. Vasil Kujim
  6. Dubrovski
  7. Ollongren V. K.
  8. Mikhailov S. M.

 

  1. Armenian faction
  2. Arshak Paronyan
  3. Yervan Taghionosov
  4. Isag Khojayev
  5. Stepen Taghionosov
  6. Georgi Shahnazarov
  1. Dashnaksutyun faction
  2. Arshak Malkhazyan
  3. Khoren Amaspur
  4. Pogos Chubaryan
  5. Abgar Papyan
  6. Alexander Ter-Azaryan
  7. Bogdan Balayans
  8. Papyan I.